The Echo of a Border Revision. From Illegal Pasture to International Conflict. Pledging the Sólyomtár Mountains Cover Image

Egy határrendezés visszhangja: zuglegeltetésből nemzetközi botrány. Bezálogolás Solyomtáron
The Echo of a Border Revision. From Illegal Pasture to International Conflict. Pledging the Sólyomtár Mountains

Author(s): Csaba Szabó
Subject(s): History, Local History / Microhistory
Published by: Scientia
Keywords: history; Austria-Hungary; Romania; 19th century; Csík County;
Summary/Abstract: I have found new records in the local archives to reconstruct the evolution of a Szekler private property to becoming an intermediate space at the end of the 19th century. This is the Sólyomtár Mountains, whose troubled history reflected the life of its Szekler inhabitants. In 1886, there was a borderline revision between Austria-Hungary and Romania to solve the former conflicts regarding the ownership of the nearby mountains. The commission decided that Sólyomtár [in Romanian: Solintaru] should belong to Romania. This decision led to a new legal and economic conflict between the neighbours. The mountain has become an intermedial space as it formerly belonged to the so-called Szekler Private Properties and not directly to the Hungarian state. The Hungarian leaders confirmed that it still should belong to the Szekler Private Properties. In the vision of the Romanian leaders, it had to belong to Romania. The clarification of this situation was becoming more important for the local leaders of Csík County for it caused an international diplomatic incident, too. They decided to pledge the cattle of Romanian farmers who refused to pay rent for the pasture. This incident finally elucidated the chaotic situation, and so the intermediate space disappeared.

  • Page Range: 357-373
  • Page Count: 17
  • Publication Year: 2020
  • Language: Hungarian