The Dynamics of Medieval Bоlgar Urban Development Cover Image

Динамика развития городской территории средневекового Болгара
The Dynamics of Medieval Bоlgar Urban Development

Author(s): Denis Yu. Badeev
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Middle Ages, 6th to 12th Centuries, 13th to 14th Centuries
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Volga Bulgaria; Golden Horde; medieval town; historical topography; layout; construction horizons;geographic information systems (GIS);
Summary/Abstract: The author discusses the possibility to apply methods of geographic information systems to study development dynamics of a medieval city and uses Bolgar as a case study. The archaeological components allowing reconstructing the dynamics of the urban area are characterized. These components include: the cultural stratum with good stratigraphy, chronological topography of the finds, and distribution of archaeological urban structures. Among the latter, the following items are identified: monumental buildings, urban planning elements (streets, squares, etc.), remains of aboveground dwellings and household structures, remains of dugout dwellings and household structures, fortification objects, industrial and agricultural facilities (furnaces, traces of arable land), burial grounds and hydraulic structures. The research involved drawing of cartograms to represent Bolgar historical and social topography.