Golden Horde Hillforts in Western Kazakhstan Cover Image

Городища эпохи Золотой Орды на территории Западного Казахстана
Golden Horde Hillforts in Western Kazakhstan

Author(s): Arman A. Bissembayev, Gaziz A. Akhatov
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Historical Geography
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Western Kazakhstan; Golden Horde; hillforts; Zhaiyk; Saryozen; Zhalpaktal; Abat Baytak;urban culture;
Summary/Abstract: The authors examine sites left by the settled population in Western Kazakhstan. These sites existed for a short-time during the Golden Horde and are connected with the Mongol khans’ administrative policy. A study of excavations conducted here from the second half of the 20th century makes it possible to reveal the principal distribution areas of the sites related to the settled agricultural population in the Middle and Lower Ural River, the basin of the Bolshoi and Malyi Uzen Rivers and the region between the Uil and Khobda Rivers. The remains of mausoleums built from burned bricks of “the Golden Horde size standards” uncovered in the region allow revealing traces of large settlements and hillforts in their vicinity.