Western Kazakhstan in the 13th—14th Centuries Cover Image

Западный Казахстан в XIII—XIV вв.
Western Kazakhstan in the 13th—14th Centuries

Author(s): Arman A. Bissembayev
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Middle Ages, 13th to 14th Centuries
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Western Kazakhstan; Golden Horde; necropolises; Saltak; Urkach; Bulak; funerary rite; Islamization;paganism;
Summary/Abstract: In the Golden Horde period, the vast territory of Western Kazakhstan was one of the ulus centers. The dynamics of political processes in the modern history period related to aspects of ethnic formation was directly inherited from the medieval Mongol states period. A considerable variety and variability in funerary sites of the mid-13th to the early 14th centuries is observed, which is a consequence of migration flows and resettlements initiated by the Mongols. By the mid-14th century, Islamization of population had started, which was reflected in the accretion of pagan and Muslim ritual features and a lengthy existence of this type of syncretic ceremony.