The Natural Landscape of the Settlement of Kartal in the Eneolithic Epoch Cover Image

Природный ландшафт поселения Картал в эпоху энеолита
The Natural Landscape of the Settlement of Kartal in the Eneolithic Epoch

Author(s): Igor V. Bruyako
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Geography, Regional studies, Physical Geopgraphy, Regional Geography, Historical Geography, Environmental Geography
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Lower Danube region; multilayered settlement; Bolgrad-Aldeni group; Cernavoda culture; spores and pollen complex; palynological analysis
Summary/Abstract: The author uses palynological data to offer a reconstruction of landscape and climate in the vicinity of the Eneolithic settlement of Kartal. The pollen section should be considered extremely valid, since it is made in buried soil. The period of the Bolgrad-Aldeni accounted for the climatic optimum of the Holocene. This fact has been repeatedly pointed out by experts. This warm and humid cycle of oceanic climate largely contributed to the development of agrarian cultures of the early Eneolithic. Termination of life in Kartal in the period of the Bolgrad-Aldeni and subsequent population gap, which falls on the second half of the VI Millennium (5500—5000 BP), based on available data, was not accompanied by any abrupt climatic fluctuations. However, by the time Cernavoda I population appeared in Kartal, the climatic situation had become much less comfortable than in the Gumelnita period. In the most general terms, we can talk about a much more continental climate, general aridity and, consequently, low humidity.

  • Page Range: 121-131
  • Page Count: 11
  • Publication Year: 2016
  • Language: Russian