New Research in the Golden Horde Settlements of Western Kazakhstan Cover Image

Новые исследования на золотоордынских поселениях Западного Казахстана
New Research in the Golden Horde Settlements of Western Kazakhstan

Author(s): Emma D. Zilivinskaya
Subject(s): History, Archaeology, Middle Ages, 13th to 14th Centuries
Published by: Издательский дом Stratum, Университет «Высшая антропологическая школа»
Keywords: Western Kazakhstan; Middle Ages; Golden Horde; settlements; manors; mosques; mausoleums; production complexes
Summary/Abstract: The article deals with the results of work on the ancient towns of Zhaiyk and Zhalpaktal in Western Kazakhstan. The ancient settlement of Zhaiyk is located not far from the city of Uralsk. Since 2000, there have been studied large estates, a public bath with underground heating and production complexes: an oven for baking brick and a furnace for calcining lime. Two large mausoleums of burnt bricks, decorated with glazed tiles, were found on the necropolis. In 2013, a funerary complex consisting of a tower mausoleum and small funerary structures were excavated on the necropolis.A small rural mosque with a minaret was investigated at the settlement of Zhalpaktal. Excavations of a large farmstead showed that life on the settlement lasted long enough. First, pit-houses were used for dwelling. Later, a large house with many rooms and walls of raw brick was built in their place.

  • Page Range: 263-286
  • Page Count: 24
  • Publication Year: 2019
  • Language: Russian