Soviet Citizens in the German Occupation Forces in Serbia and Yugoslavia 1943–1945 Cover Image
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Грађани Совјетског савеза у саставу немачких oкупационих снага у Србији и Југославији 1943–1945.
Soviet Citizens in the German Occupation Forces in Serbia and Yugoslavia 1943–1945

Author(s): Aleksej J. Timofejev
Subject(s): Civil Society, Military history, Political history, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949), Fascism, Nazism and WW II, Peace and Conflict Studies
Published by: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije
Keywords: Soviet Union; Yugoslavia; Serbia; World War Two; collaboration; Кozacs;
Summary/Abstract: Due to the centrifugal forces immanent to every multinational state, the red terror, forced collectivisation, dictatorship of bureaucratic apparatus and poor living standards, part of the Soviet citizens took up arms and fought on the side of Nazi Germany. The number of armed collaborationists in the USSR totaled 1.2 million. After Hitler’s order of October 10, 1943 eastern batallions were transferred to France, Italy and the Balkans. Slavic (cossac), Turkestani and Caucassian units were sent to the Balkans, being the largest and the best suited for combating the partisans. These were the notorious Caucassian “Bergmann” Unit, the I/125th and 814th Armenian batallions, 842nd and 843rd North-Caucassian semi-batallions, 162nd Turkestani Division , the strong 1st Cossac Division of general von Pannwitz which was transformed into the 15th Cossac Cavalery Corps. The Germans did not deploy the Turkestani and Caucassian units only for fighting the partisans. After the withdrawal from the territory of the USSR they turned the West-Balkans into a concentration center for all kinds of their abbettors. The third reason for bringing these troops to Yugoslavia was combined with the attempt at utylizing these numerous newcomers from the USSR for anti-Communist propaganda.

  • Page Range: 144-160
  • Page Count: 17
  • Publication Year: 2007
  • Language: Serbian