The February Revolution of 1917 in Russia, Nikola Pašić and Corfu Declaration Cover Image
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Фебруарска револуција 1917. у Русији, Никола Пашић и Крфска декларација
The February Revolution of 1917 in Russia, Nikola Pašić and Corfu Declaration

Author(s): Andrey L. Shemyakin
Subject(s): Governance, Political history, International relations/trade, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), Geopolitics
Published by: Institut za noviju istoriju Srbije
Keywords: Russia; February Revolution; Serbia; Yugoslav Committee; Corfu Declaration; Nikola Pašić; Ante Trumbić; Pavel Milyukov;
Summary/Abstract: The adoption of the joint declaration of the Government of the Kingdom of Serbia and the Yugoslav Committee in Corfu in July 1917 is closely related to the February revolution in Russia which strongly influenced the policy changes between the coalitions of the powers in spring and summer of 1917. These changes also created favourable conditions for declaration signing, the most significant being: the collapse of the tsarist regime, which had supported Serbia; the need to review the war objectives, taking into account the possible peace negotiations (the Sixtus Affair); relative liberalization in Cisleithania after the death of Franz Josef (in November 1916) and the adoption of the “trialistic” May Declaration (1917); instability of the general military situation with the tendency to deteriorate for the Entente. When drafting the text of the declaration, Nikola Pašić took all these facts into account. So, we can say that the Corfu Declaration was a forced document, as well as the Nish Declaration (December 1914) which appeared earlier and was also motivated only by the utilitarian causes.

  • Page Range: 361-388
  • Page Count: 28
  • Publication Year: 2017
  • Language: Serbian