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Swoistości języków semickich
Swoistości języków semickich

Author(s): Kamilla Termińska
Subject(s): Language studies, Language and Literature Studies, Theoretical Linguistics, Philology
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Keywords: root; vocabulary; polysemanticity; semantic and morphological categories; phonology; the alphabet; tropics
Summary/Abstract: The article presents the following features of Semitic languages: triconsonality of the root and its capability of constituting meanings – images whose elements are concretised in lexical formations, the peculiar semantisation of morphological categories (causativum, intensivum), the debatable question of the temporalisation of an utterance. One indicated inter alia the problems of the broken plural, the so-called status constructus, the polisemanticity of certain morphemes, suffixed personal pronouns, weak roots and the morphological consequences of phonological departures from the regularity in their structure. As far as the sound-related and phonological layer is concerned, the languages in question are characterised inter alia by a considerable number of laryngeals and pharyngeals, the presence of semivowels and the polyfunctionality of gemination. One is struck by the culturally conditioned ways of reading and interpreting a text which are deeply rooted in mythical and symbolic layers.