Geopolitical Changes in Europe after the Great War  in favor of Germany Cover Image

Geopolitikai változások Európában a Nagy Háború után – Németország javára
Geopolitical Changes in Europe after the Great War in favor of Germany

Author(s): Gábor Székely
Subject(s): Political history, 19th Century, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), Geopolitics
Published by: Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem, Új-és Jelenkori Egyetemes Történeti Tanszék
Keywords: War; geopolitics; the changing of the geopolitical position; Germany; Europe;
Summary/Abstract: Germany lost the Great War, but its geopolitical position was strengthened. The great powers such as Russia and the Austro-Hungarian Empire disappeared from its country boundaries, and France was seriously weakened. Germany still had the highest economic potential of continental Europe. What Germany had to solve was the financing of the economy, which was hindered by Brand’s increase of public debt from the pre-war 5 billion to 147 billion as well as by the reparation payments. The former was largely eliminated by the super-inflation in 1923 while the latter was solved by the end of the 1920s through the help of the Dawes- and Young-plans. The reason for the collapse of the Weimar Republic was not the economic crisis, but the incorrect management of the political crisis in 1939-1932. This incorrect management shaped the President's governments from 1930, whose failure led to Adolf Hitler’s appointment as Chancellor.

  • Page Range: 325-338
  • Page Count: 14
  • Publication Year: 2015
  • Language: Hungarian