Papa Inocent III. (1198.-1216.) i bosansko-humski krstjani
Pope Innocent III. (1198th to 1216th) and the Bosnian-Hum "krstjani"
Author(s): Franjo Šanjek
Subject(s): History, Middle Ages, Theology and Religion, 6th to 12th Centuries, 13th to 14th Centuries
Published by: Institut za istoriju
Summary/Abstract: During the twelfth century on the Croatian coast emerged dualistic heretics. They were organized and in this region had two dioceses: Dalmatian (Ecclesia Dalmatiae, 1167) and Slavonic Church (Ecclesia Sclavoniae, 1200). Their ideas were flooded with pessimism, with which they endangered not only church institutions but also the entire established social structure. The church council in Split (1185) repeated condemnation of Cathars, Patarines, Poor man of Lyon and other heretics that had been banned at the church council in Verona (1184). Moreover, the pope Urban III suggested to the Croatian episcopacy that “must not allow organizing of laic fraternities (fraternitatis)”. In October 1200 the pope Inocent III reported to Emerik king of Hungary and Croatia that his vassal the Bosnian ban Kulin “gave shelter to a certain number of Patarines, who had been prosecuted by Bernard the archbishop of Split and banned from Split and Trogir”. Only two years later, the same pope wrote “in the lands of ban Kulin there are many people who are seriously suspected and rather notorious because of condemned Cathar heresy”. It seems that the argue was settled on 8th and 30th April 1203 with negation of “the leaders of those, who in Bosnia usurped the name of Christ (i.e. they named themselves krstjani), and who were elsewhere condemned as schismatics and Manicheans. In the 30’s of the thirteenth century the decrees against krstjans were repeated. They were mentioned as haeritici in Bosnia, hostes crucifixi, haeritici in Slavoniae partibus, and the Church, together with the civil authorities, tried to suppress them by sending Crusaders and Inquisition judges there. By the mid thirteenth century Bosnian Catholic bishop had to relocate his see in Đakovo (in Slavonia), and thereof leave the Bosnian territory to krstjans, who will organize a significant heterodox Church of Bosnia on the former territory of the Bosnian diocese (13th-15th c.).
- Page Range: 425-439
- Page Count: 15
- Publication Year: 2005
- Language: Croatian