Treason in Medieval Hungarian Law Cover Image

Velezrada v uhorskom stredovekom práve
Treason in Medieval Hungarian Law

Author(s): Justyna Segeš Frelak
Subject(s): History of Law, Criminal Law, Middle Ages
Published by: Masarykova univerzita nakladatelství
Keywords: middle ages; law; Hungary; treason;
Summary/Abstract: Treason, or crime of unfaithfulness (nota infidelitatis) was considered as the most serious crime in Hungarian legislation and it included several crimes. It is first mentioned in a law enacted by king Matthias in 1462 that lists approximately 20 crimes. In the 1514 Tripartitum lists more than 30 crimes in 18 points which could be subdivided into 6 subgroups: malice against property (meaning the sovereign), treason and rebellion, violence against authorities and officials, heresy, forging of official documents and money, murder and defilement of relatives. Treason was punished by head and property of the perpetrator. Eventual granting of mercy by the ruler was usually related to the capital punishment but not confiscation of property.

  • Page Range: 34-43
  • Page Count: 10
  • Publication Year: 2021
  • Language: Slovak