Criminological Analysis and Crime Trends During and After Pandemic Cover Image

Криминологическии анализ и тенденции преступности в период и после пандемии
Criminological Analysis and Crime Trends During and After Pandemic

Author(s): Elena Gennadievna Bagreeva, Anna Ivanova Mantarova
Subject(s): Law, Constitution, Jurisprudence, Criminal Law
Published by: Правни факултет Универзитета у Источном Сарајеву
Keywords: Criminological analysis;Crime;Comparative analysis of crime in Russia and Bulgaria;Pandemic;
Summary/Abstract: As a goal, the described study considered the criminological analysis of crime in the first months of 2020, which coincided in European countries with the spread of the COVID–19 pandemic. The method of comparative analysis of statistical information from official sources of the Russian Federation and Bulgaria for the specified period was used. The analysis of the state of crime allowed the authors to argue about a significant change in the structure of crime in general - a decrease in some indicators and the growth of others. The authors note a significant decrease in the first month of a number of “street” types of crimes and an increase, first of all, of cyber crime indicators. From the second month, the growth of such crimes as IT technology fraud, domestic violence and theft has become significant. Since the second month, a “revival” of a number of crimes has been registered: a significant increase in fraud using IT technologies, domestic violence and theft. The theoretical significance of this work consists in: identifying the impact on crime of the social environment changed as a result of emergency circumstances, justifying the need to study the limits of the use of law enforcement agencies to ensure public order (in a pandemic or other “risky” or emergency situations), the conditions for achieving balance and maintaining the trust of citizens, restraining the growth of crime. Analysis of crime statistics and the changes that have occurred in the socio-economic sphere of Russia and Bulgaria for January-April 2020 allows us to formulate prognostic trends about crime changes in the near future, which is the practical significance of the study.

  • Page Range: 297-312
  • Page Count: 16
  • Publication Year: 2021
  • Language: Russian