On the classification of predicatives Cover Image
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Zur Klassifizierung der Prädikative
On the classification of predicatives

Author(s): Justyna Dolińska
Subject(s): Language studies, Language and Literature Studies, Theoretical Linguistics, Applied Linguistics
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Śląskiego
Keywords: predicative; non-verbal part of the predicate; copulative; predicative clause; depictive predicative; resultative predicative; predicative complementation; predicative adjunction
Summary/Abstract: The problems of classification of predicatives and related terminology remain unresolved. Which constructions should be included in this category and how to label their types? And how to call these elements that do not fall under the umbrella term of the predicative? This book classifies and provides terminology for predicative constructions on the basis of an analysis of selected grammars of German. To obtain a better insight into the problem area, some relevant aspects of the Polish language are also taken into consideration. The analysis of selected grammars focuses on words and word-groups which function as predicatives. The findings present a complex picture of various approaches to predicative expressions. This multiplicity of viewpoints results from different criteria of classification adopted in the literature and from the complexity of the problem itself, giving rise to such proposals as: – the predicative expression as a non-verbal part of the predicate; – the predicative expression as a complement to the copula; and – the predicative expression as part of a structure which can be paraphrased by a copulative construction. The analysed approaches are presented in tables on the basis of lists of typical examples. Because copular verbs are inseparable from predicatives, they are discussed in more detail. An important aspect is the valency of the verb and the features of the predicative expression itself. The analysis includes also predicative clauses: their structure, the relationship between the subject and the predicative, and the concord. Moreover, the book examines depictive and resultative predicatives, the former usually classified as adverbials. The wie-constructions are also considered. The possible reference of depictive constructions and their position in a sentence are discussed: they can refer to the subject, to the direct object, and, peripherally, to the indirect object. By contrast, resultative predicatives refer mainly to the direct object. A large number of adjectives become an integral part of the verb, thus losing their predicative features. The book closes with an attempt to provide a definition of the predicative and a classification of predicative expressions; it also indicates border cases which are not typical predicatives. The category of the predicative does not include identifying constructions. The proposed classification involves the following division: (i) complementation vs. adjunction → predicative complementation, predicative adjunction; and (ii) depictive vs. resultative adjunction.

  • E-ISBN-13: 978-83-226-3330-4
  • Print-ISBN-13: 978-83-226-3329-8
  • Page Count: 138
  • Publication Year: 2018
  • Language: German