Method, Archbishop of the „Moravian Church“ and the (Great)Moravian Cathedral) Cover Image

Metod, arcibiskup „cirkvi moravskej“ a (veľko)moravský katedrálny chrám
Method, Archbishop of the „Moravian Church“ and the (Great)Moravian Cathedral)

Author(s): Andrej Botek
Subject(s): Cultural history, Eastern Orthodoxy, History of Religion
Published by: Slavistický ústav Jána Stanislava Slovenskej akadémie vied
Keywords: Great Moravia; Method; Archbishopric; Moravian Church; Cathedral; Method‘s grave;

Summary/Abstract: Pope John VIII. summoned Method in June 879 from Great Moravia to Rome concerning to complaints from the Bavarian clergy. In his letter he named Methodius as „Archbishop of the holy Pannonian Church“ Method came to Rome in the official embassy with the nobleman Zemežízeň. The subsequent events in 880 in Rome were in many way groun¬dbreaking for the ecclesiastical and political development in Great Moravia as well. Pope informed Svätopluk in the bull Industriae tuae he is taking his empire under Roman patronage, what meant an immense strengthening in international relations and de facto acknowledgement its independence. At the same time, Method defended himself in all points. Pope confirmed his orthodoxy, allowed the Slavonic liturgy and for the first time named Method as “Archbishop of the holy Moravian Church”. He announced to Svätopluk, Wiching was consecrated for the “holy Nitra Church” as the sufragan of Method. By this act an independent Great Moravian archdiocese was established in ecclesiastical law with its solid stru¬ctures. The article deals with the circumstances that led to a change in the perspective of papal policy. It is also devoted to the issue of the location of the Methods cathedral. Not only analyzes of hitherto known findings of Great Moravian churches are used, but also a description of the burial place of Archbishop Method, who was buried in his main temple.

  • Issue Year: 56/2021
  • Issue No: 02
  • Page Range: 191-204
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Slovak