The Problematics of Emanation and Creation in Ibn Miskawayh’s Metaphysics Cover Image

İbn Miskeveyh Metafiziğinde Sudûr ve Yaratma Problematiği
The Problematics of Emanation and Creation in Ibn Miskawayh’s Metaphysics

Author(s): Ramazan Turan
Subject(s): Non-European Philosophy, Metaphysics, Islam studies, Philosophy of Religion
Published by: Karadeniz Teknik Üniversites - İlahiyat Fakültesi
Keywords: Islamic Philosophy; Ibn Miskawayh; Motion; Emanation; Creation;

Summary/Abstract: Ibn Miskawayh (d. 428/1037) uses the concepts of emanation and creation without any tension between them in his works in which he deals with the problem of existence. This situation makes it difficult to understand which theory is choosen by him; the emanation or creation theory. This article aims to clarify the philosopher's basic approach to the existence of the universe. The study consists of three main parts. The first part contents the existential problems discussed before Ibn Miskawayh. In the second part, the subject of God and motion in the metaphysics of the philosopher is discussed. In the third chapter, the philosopher's concept of emanation and creation from nothing is discussed. The philosopher explains the order of existence of the universe in the framework of the circle of existence, where there is the first mind at one end and the first substance at the other. The focus of the philosopher is on the relationship between God and the first mind. He explains this relationship on the basis of two propositions. Firstly; creation out of nothing is possible, and everything that exists except God was created out of nothing. Latter; The first created being is the first mind, and this first mind brings into existence (ibda'/fayz) other beings with the potential given to it by God. The philosopher uses the concept of the ‘create’ (halq) only for God; also he uses the concepts of ibda' and fayz for the first mind as well as God. Accordingly, the philosopher's understanding of motion and emanation is in question for a field which the framework was drawn on the basis of the concept of creation.

  • Issue Year: 8/2021
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 199-225
  • Page Count: 27
  • Language: Turkish