Case study: Ineu Fortress throughout history Cover Image

Case study: Ineu Fortress throughout history

Author(s): Melinda Gabriela Keresztes
Subject(s): Local History / Microhistory, Military history, 13th to 14th Centuries, 16th Century, 17th Century, 18th Century, 19th Century, The Ottoman Empire
Published by: Universitatea »Dunarea de Jos« din Galati -Facultatea de Istorie, Teologie și Filosofie
Keywords: castle;sanjak;Ottomans;Habsburgs;Losonczi family;Rákoczy family;Transylvania;Conscription of 1605;archeology;restauration;

Summary/Abstract: By consulting several types of sources, we seek to retrace the manner in which Ineu fortress has developed throughout time. There is little known about it, which is why Romanian historiography needs augmentation. The first piece of information emerged in 1295, when Egidij, the lord of a castle, was mentioned; the presence of a castrum is confirmed for the following year. Ineu has possessed a fortification system since the thirteenth century. This increased starting with 1387, when the Losonczy family received jurisdiction rights over the settlement. In 1472 a lord of the castle is mentioned (in their service). In 1566 the fortress was besieged by the Ottomans, and a part of the old fortifications became military garrisons or sanjaks. Then, in 1595, the fortress was seized by the Habsburgs. During their reign, the 1605 conscription was redacted, which brought to light data regarding the goods and weaponry of the fortress. Also, the fortress was rebuilt in accordance with the blueprints of architect Gabriel Haller. In 1658 the fortress was regained by the Ottomans, a fact confirmed by Evlia Kurt Cselebi, the first eye witness to describe it. From the eighteenth century until the end of the twentieth century Ineu fortress did not have a defensive role, but rather an administrative, educational, and even a medical one. Archeological findings show that it underwent a new process of restauration in the twentienth century.

  • Issue Year: 13/2020
  • Issue No: 13
  • Page Range: 5-13
  • Page Count: 9
  • Language: Romanian
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