Câteva repere cronologice privind circulația monetară în Dobrogea în sec. X-XI
Author(s): Gabriel Custurea
Some Chronological Aspects on the Currency Circulation in Dobruja in the 10th – 11th cent.
Subject(s): History, Anthropology, Social Sciences, Archaeology, Cultural history, Economic history, Local History / Microhistory, Ancient World
Published by: Muzeul de Istorie Națională și Arheologie Constanța
Keywords: Byzantine Dobrogea; Byzantine numismatics; Byzantine currency;
Summary/Abstract: The author presents some aspects of the circulation of the Byzantinecurrency in Dobrogea in the 10th-11th centuries and analyzes the impact that the invasionsand raids of migrants had on the state of the provincial economy. The period is subdividedinto two parts: A.896 - 1001; B.1001 - 1092, each with specific features.A. 78 points with isolated monetary discoveries and a number of 13 coin hoards /monetary deposits were reviewed. The epoch is characterized by the resumption of thepenetration of the Byzantine currency on the Lower Danube and the development of an island-type monetary circulation, around important urban centers: Pliska and Preslav -,on the Danube - Silistra and Isaccea, and on the coast - Constanța, Mangalia, Balchik. Armed clashes also bring payments in precious metal either as stipends or as a result ofrobberies.B. At the beginning of the century the monetary circulation is generalized on thewhole territory of the province with some syncopes caused by the Pecheneg invasions from the years 1027, 1034, 1036. For this period of time, a number of 155 points with isolated discoveries and a number of 48 coin hoards / monetary deposits were inventoried. Only after the great Pecheneg invasion in 1046-1048 will the southern part of the province beseverely affected by the settlement of migrants. The raids of the Ouz, "the revolt of the Paristrian cities" or the battles of Alexius I with the Pechenegs, in the area of Silistra,will reduce the monetary circulation in the province, that will acquire an insular character, around the fortified cities - Silistra, Isaccea, Nufăru.
- Issue Year: 2019
- Issue No: 52
- Page Range: 333-347
- Page Count: 15
- Language: Romanian