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Identity and Exile

Author(s): Goce Smilevski
Subject(s): Theory of Literature
Published by: Институт за македонска литература
Keywords: exile; identity; culture; Edward Said; Amin Maalouf

Summary/Abstract: The interaction between the individual identity and society is a complex phenomenon, and its dynamism is conditioned by the fact that the various elements that compound the identity interact complementarily or conflictingly, which causes the subject to build identity strategies which help her/him to defend her/his existence and her/his social vision, her/his integration into society, while at the same time maintaining coherence. Identity strategies are particularly dynamic among people that live in exile, and this is a consequence of the multicultural interaction of their own, individual characteristics, the values they bring with them from the country they come from and which, either they or the ethnic group to which and belong, want to keep even after emigration, and the values that are established in the country in which they moved, and which society expects to accept. This text is focused on several theoreticians’ (most notably Edward Said and Amin Maalouf) approaches to understanding the transfiguration of the identity of exiles, under the influence of the violations and discontinuities that come with moving from one environment of existence to another, and how they interact with another culture, another language, another value system. Both Said and Maalouf point the possibility of integrating into exile’s identity both heritages: the valuable features of the culture of the country of origin and those of the country in which she/he lives.

  • Issue Year: 2020
  • Issue No: 22
  • Page Range: 55-69
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Macedonian
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