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Проблеми на теорията на фикцията
Problems in the Theory of Fiction

Author(s): Jonathan Culler
Subject(s): Literary Texts
Published by: Институт за литература - БАН
Keywords: narrative; theory of fiction; literature

Summary/Abstract: This article is focused on two problems. First, there is the question of the role of the notion of fiction in the theory of fiction. It seems as though attempts to explain fiction and fictions end up either constructing fictions – imagined readers, stories of reading, imagined speakers – or appealing to structures which themselves turn out to rely on fiction, as in the case of the fictional emplotting that organizes the real-world discourses fiction is said to imitate. Second, there is the problem of the convergence of narrative studies and speech act theory, where the new emphasis on fictionality - the claim that literary works are fictional speech acts -paradoxically urges us to treat narrators as if they were real people, with all that that entails. There is a powerful humanistic ideology behind this claim. The theory of fiction needs to challenge this orientation and explore the possibility that literary narratives are, as in Pratt’s first account, real-world narrative display texts: not fictional speech acts but, if they must be acts at all, real acts of narration.

  • Issue Year: 2003
  • Issue No: 1-2
  • Page Range: 171-186
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Bulgarian