The Last Judgment Scene in the Prophet Elijah Church (1550) in Sofia: Non-traditional Elements and Athonite Influences Cover Image
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The Last Judgment Scene in the Prophet Elijah Church (1550) in Sofia: Non-traditional Elements and Athonite Influences
The Last Judgment Scene in the Prophet Elijah Church (1550) in Sofia: Non-traditional Elements and Athonite Influences

Author(s): Ralitsa Rousseva
Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Visual Arts, History of Art
Published by: Институт за литература - BAN
Keywords: Last Judgment; Iliyantsi monastery; Postbyzantine art; Mount Athos; Cretan school; Zodiac; Dream of Daniel

Summary/Abstract: The composition of the Last Judgment in the church of Prophet Elijah (1550) in Iliyantsi (Sofia) was the first in Bulgaria in its new, thematically expanded model introduced by the Cretan school in the monasteries on Mount Athos and on the island in the Ioannina lake (1530s–1540s). Just several years later, the new elements such as the Dream of Daniel and the image of the poor man were included. The artist has not only transferred and interpreted the latest novelties for the 16th century, but has also added to and enriched the picture of the Last Judgment with unique images such as the personifications of the planets and the Zodiac, images of the prophets David and Solomon, the Heavenly Jerusalem and the conversation of the Theotokos with Archangel Michael in heaven. The image of an icon of Christ Pantokrator at the scales with sins also remains without a parallel and difficult to interpret. The numerous novelties in the iconography of the Iliyantsi church, introduced for the first time several years earlier on Mount Athos, may only be due to very active and direct relations between Sofia and Mt. Athos during the 16th century.

  • Issue Year: 2020
  • Issue No: 20
  • Page Range: 301-318
  • Page Count: 18
  • Language: English