Prominentny przodek pogromcy Spartakusa – Publius Licinius Crassus Dives, konsul w 205 r. przed Chr.
Prominent ancestor of the slayer of Spartacus - Publius Licinius Crassus Dives, consul in 205 BC.
Subject(s): Military history, Political history, Ancient World
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe GRADO
Keywords: Roman republic; III/II B.C.; Publius Licinius Crassus Dives; biography;
Summary/Abstract: The author attempts to answer to question, to what extent eulogy written down by Livy and concerning title figure of Publius Licinius Crassus (consul in 205 B.C.), corresponded with the facts (Liv. XXX 1, 4–6). Article presented stages of political and military career of the above-mentioned member of nobilitas and his competences. This activity can be followed by analysis his activity during holding consecutive offices (pontifex maximus, censor, magister equitum, praetor peregrinus, consul, proconsul). Where therefore we should seek origins of so high assesment given him by Livy? Analysing his activity the course Second Punic War (218–201 B.C.) author arrived at the conclusion, that it were not relatively modest war deedes, particularly in comparison with Roman outstanding leaders in this range, which decided about standing of Crassus. In his career, he placed himself in the role of the client of powerful gens Cornelia. He gained support from Cornelii during elections for pontifex maximus. In return for patronage and help in promotion on consecutive magistracies, he reciprocated undobtedly using his extensive juridicial knowledge. As a pontifex maximus he was also important link in the system of political control over sphere of the religion.
- Issue Year: 7/2019
- Issue No: 1
- Page Range: 5-37
- Page Count: 33
- Language: Polish