Artvin During and After the 1877-78 Turko-Russian War Cover Image

93 Harbi ve Sonrasında Artvin
Artvin During and After the 1877-78 Turko-Russian War

Author(s): Zemzem Yücetürk
Subject(s): Military history, 19th Century, Pre-WW I & WW I (1900 -1919), The Ottoman Empire
Published by: Karadeniz Araştırmaları Merkezi
Keywords: Artvin; 93 War; Treaty of Berlin;

Summary/Abstract: Together with the Turkish army, the people of Artvin resisted with all their might In the 1877- 1878 Ottoman-Russian War, which was the 93 War. During these invasions, migrations from the eastern region, including Artvin, to the interior of Anatolia, were the main situations that put the people of the region into trouble. Kars, Ardahan and Batum has been abandoned to Russia with the Berlin Treaty signed in 13 July 1878 after the Ottoman-Russian War. Artvin, Ardanuç, Borçka, Şavşat districts which are connected to Batumi Sanjak were left to Russia. The people of the region, including Artvin, have been subjected to many Russian persecution during the forty years of Russian rule until the reunification of the region to the Ottoman Empire in 1918. After the Bolshevik Revolution in 1917 in Russia, the Ottoman Empire and Russia signed the Treaty of BrestLitovsk on March 3, 1918. A vote was held in accordance with the decision taken in the Treaty. As a result of voting, Kars, Ardahan and Batum were connected to the Ottoman Empire. However, the Ottoman State was withdrawn from Artvin with the Mondros Armistice signed on 30 October 1918 as a result of the First World War. Artvin was then occupied by the British on 17 December 1918. After the withdrawal of the British in April 1920, the Georgians took over the region. The Georgian occupation continued until the beginning of 1921, and Artvin and its surroundings joined the territory of the Turkish State in 1921. In this article, we tried to reveal what happened in Artvin and to the struggle of the people of Artvin in 93 War and after that in the light of documents.

  • Issue Year: 2020
  • Issue No: 65
  • Page Range: 73-95
  • Page Count: 23
  • Language: Turkish