Let’s eat with soldiers in the Balkans in the 10th–14th century Cover Image
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Да похапнем на Балканите заедно с войниците през X–XIV век
Let’s eat with soldiers in the Balkans in the 10th–14th century

Author(s): Yoanna Bencheva
Subject(s): History, Middle Ages
Published by: Фондация "Българско историческо наследство"
Keywords: soldiers food; Byzantium; byzantine food; Middle Ages

Summary/Abstract: The article analyses the available evidence for the food of soldiers in 10th–14th century using a wide range of sources, including strategika, histories, chronicles and account books, of different provenance (Byzantine, West European and Ottoman). According to these sources the soldiers need food that is easy to carry, nutritious to provide energy, easy to prepare and safe, to avoid any health issues that might lead to problems with the military campaign. The article reviews the ways of supply of provisions for the army such as centralised purveyance, purchasing of food from the market, looting, foraging, receiving food as a gift, and storage. The sources for the period concerned reveal a variety of tactical advices on the importance of food. The daily ration of soldiers during campaign and when camping is also discussed. The article examines the importance of different types of food and drinks, such as bread, meat, fish, cheese, vegetables, fruits, water and wine, for the soldiers’ menu. The ways of prevention of foodborne diseases and the criminal acts, and respective punishments, related to the provision of food are also reviewed.

  • Issue Year: 9/2018
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 335-351
  • Page Count: 17
  • Language: Bulgarian