Natural Kinds and Emergent Properties. A Naturalistic Attempt to Consolidate the Two Concepts Cover Image
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Естествени видове и емергентни характеристики. Натуралистки опит за консолидиране на двата концепта
Natural Kinds and Emergent Properties. A Naturalistic Attempt to Consolidate the Two Concepts

Author(s): Kaloyan Nechev
Subject(s): Philosophy, Social Sciences, Education, Psychology, History of Philosophy, Philosophical Traditions, Epistemology, Logic, Special Branches of Philosophy, Sociology, Contemporary Philosophy, Analytic Philosophy, Philosophy of Science, Adult Education, Higher Education , State/Government and Education, Experimental Pschology, Applied Sociology, Economic development, Inclusive Education / Inclusion
Published by: Национално издателство за образование и наука „Аз-буки“
Keywords: natural kinds; emergent properties; emergence; reaction cluster; naturalism

Summary/Abstract: The specialized understanding of natural kinds (NK) has a theoretical impact on the concept of emergent properties (EP) in particular, as well as on the understanding of the phenomenon of emergence as a whole. The problem is closely related to the tendencies towards their essentialization and theoretical demarcation. The theoretical tension is inevitably manifested in the attempts to consolidate the two concepts, which are generally considered in essentialist terms. A naturalistic, non-essentialist, approach could integrate them into a unified theoretical method, avoiding the problems of their traditional analysis. In the article, NK will be considered as reaction clusters, and EP as complexes of reaction clusters. Both will be directly related to the introduced concepts of reaction potential and stability. The relationship between these concepts will be defined and operationalized, thus explicating the result, considering the phenomenon of emergence as enhancing the reaction potential of a given structure or a complex system, which is in a proportional relation to its net stability.

  • Issue Year: 29/2020
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 39-51
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Bulgarian