Regimul juridic aplicabil spaţiului cosmic
- principii consacrate şi evoluţii înregistrate în domeniu -
The legal regime applicable to outer space
- established principles and developments in the field -
Subject(s): International Law
Published by: Editura Hamangiu S.R.L.
Keywords: cosmic space; freedom of use; shared patrimony; cooperation; responsibility;
Summary/Abstract: Concerns have been expressed about how outer space, the Moon and other celestial bodies can be explored and used since the 1950s, materializing in the adoption of a considerable number of norms with binding and advisory legal value. However, research has shown that outer space is an area with yet unknown perspectives, which can qualify it as a relatively new field for international society.Therefore, the applicable legal regime must be studied and interpreted taking into account the new issues identified in the work carried out under the aegis of internationally established entities with space law powers. Worth noting are the efforts of the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, which, alongside its ongoing work, has been pursuing the exploration and use of space technology for the benefit of mankind, especially regarding climate change, the avoidance of natural disasters, ensuring the food safety and health of the population on earth. That is why in the UN Program on Spatial Applications it was emphasized that the priority areas of the program are: environmental monitoring, natural resources management, global health, disaster management, global satellite navigation system, climate change, space law, support for science and technology development spatial. The success of implementing the envisaged measures can only be achieved on the basis of international and regional cooperation between states, international governmental and non-governmental organizations.In conclusion, the general and special principles that form the basis of spatial law must be interpreted and applied in the light of developments in the field. Freedom of use of the outer space allows states with technological possibilities to carry out activities in the extra-atmospheric space, but not unlimited, this freedom assuming a number of obligations, such as the avoidance of cosmic waste, a topical issue in the international society. In other news, the use of space science-specific information but also of space technology to avoid disasters at Earth level must be done in the interest of all states regardless of the degree of development of each on the basis of the principle that cosmic space is a common heritage of all humanity.
- Issue Year: I/2013
- Issue No: I
- Page Range: 29-41
- Page Count: 13
- Language: Romanian