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Kontextová analýza a systém slovních druhů
Context analysis and a system of parts of speech

Author(s): Václav Cvrček
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Applied Linguistics, Computational linguistics, Descriptive linguistics
Published by: Ústav pro jazyk český Akademie věd České republiky
Keywords: context analysis; corpus-driven approach; morphology; parts of speech

Summary/Abstract: The most influential achievement of corpus linguistics lies in the growing importance of context in the description of language. This is also reflected by context analysis which is introduced in this paper. Context analysis is an umbrella term for a bundle of methods sharing the same hypothesis: that all the features (form, meaning, function) of the lan-guage phenomena are mirrored by the context which they enter. It is important to em-phasise that by the term “context”, it is meant here not only one or two adjacent tokens in a particular text, but all the neighbouring units (e.g. words, lemmas, part of speech tags etc.) which co-occur with a given word in all of its instances in a corpus. The paper dis-cusses various types of context (range, type of contextual units etc.) and their effect on the analysis. By comparing contexts of distinct words or word groups we may find out what the similarities and differences are between language units, phenomena or even groups of lexemes. This type of research was conducted here to determine the relations between parts of speech.

  • Issue Year: 2011
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 6-32
  • Page Count: 27
  • Language: Czech