The preparation and course of the land reform in Slovakia, 1939–1945 Cover Image
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The preparation and course of the land reform in Slovakia, 1939–1945
The preparation and course of the land reform in Slovakia, 1939–1945

Author(s): Martina Fiamová
Subject(s): National Economy, Agriculture, Governance, Economic history, Economic policy, Economic development, WW II and following years (1940 - 1949)
Published by: Historický ústav SAV
Keywords: Land reform; Agricultural policy; Aryanization;

Summary/Abstract: The subject matter of land reform and the related issue of ensuring that land was owned by ethnic Slovaks, had already appeared in Slovakia in the time of autonomy after 6 October 1938. Reflections about the change of land ownership from the beginning referred not only to Jews, but also to the land of foreigners, the land allotted within the 1st land reform, as well as to the land of Slovaks. The prepared land reform was supposed to compensate for the iniquities caused by the 1st land reform and return the land back “to the hands of those who truly work on it”. Unlike the owners of shops and enterprises, Jewish landowners did not represent a very large class of people, but even in spite of this fact, the following Aryanization of this Jewish land property was subject to corruption. The local and state authorities as well as common people participated in the process of transferring Jewish land into the hands of “Aryans”. However the Slovak government failed in its effort to create a strong middle class of peasants who would support Hlinka’s Slovak People’s Party.

  • Issue Year: 66/2018
  • Issue No: 5
  • Page Range: 901-932
  • Page Count: 32
  • Language: English