Changes in the Number of Hungarians in Transcarpathia Based on the Survey “SUMMA 2017” Cover Image

A kárpátaljai magyarok lélekszáma és a népesedésüket befolyásoló tényezők a SUMMA 2017 felmérés alapján
Changes in the Number of Hungarians in Transcarpathia Based on the Survey “SUMMA 2017”

Author(s): Patrik Tátrai, József Molnár, Katalin Kovály, Ágnes Erőss
Subject(s): Politics / Political Sciences, Politics, Social Sciences, Political Sciences, Sociology, Ethnic Minorities Studies, Identity of Collectives
Published by: Nemzetpolitikai Kutatóintézet
Keywords: Transcarpathia; Hungarian ethnicity;Survey;assimilation;

Summary/Abstract: According to the last Ukrainian census in 2001, 152 thousand people declared Hungarian ethnicity in Transcarpathia. Since that time, there is no reliable and up-todate data on the ethno-demographic development of the region’s population; however, for instance, migration flows particularly salient since the outbreak of the armed conflict in East Ukraine in 2014 must have contributed to transformations of the ethnic structure. Thus, this paper aimed at exploring the demographic development of Hungarians in Transcarpathia based on the survey “SUMMA 2017”. According to the survey results, the number of Hungarians fell to around 130 thousand by the middle of 2017. Hungarians living in urban areas and in the ethnic contact zone lost the highest numbers. Behind this negative trend one can find emigration as main reason, however negative natural change also contributed to decreasing numbers. The third factor, assimilation has not played an important role in changes of the number of Hungarian population.

  • Issue Year: 3/2018
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 7-31
  • Page Count: 25
  • Language: Hungarian