Genitive Case Plural of Second Declension Nouns – Language Norm and Practice Cover Image

Genitiv množine imenica ženskog roda e-vrste – norma i jezička praksa
Genitive Case Plural of Second Declension Nouns – Language Norm and Practice

Author(s): Aida Kršo
Subject(s): Phonetics / Phonology, South Slavic Languages, Philology
Published by: Institut za jezik
Keywords: plural genitive; declension; nouns; language norm; language practice; consonant clusters; busting/disappearing a;

Summary/Abstract: Female gender-case nouns ending in -a can have different genitive plural forms depending on if a noun’s root ends is a consonant/cluster; the root can end in lj, m, r, v or k; it can also be a consonant cluster db, džb, žb, or finally the noun in front -ka suffix can have a voiceless root. Above mentioned rules based on root ending clearly determine the form of nouns’ plural genitive. However language practice shows frequent exceptions to these rules caused by either too loose a rule itself or insufficient knowledge of grammar. To fix the mistakes that occur in everyday use of the language and also to resolve the dilemma such as what the correct from of genitive of certain nouns is (for example for bilješka / note is it a bilježaka or bilješki; for narudžba / order: narudžaba or narudžbi; for višnje / cherry: višanja or višnji; the language norm needs to be re-inspected, the grammar rules followed but also the familiarity of what the word sounds like to the native speakers needs to be taken into consideration.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 29
  • Page Range: 89-114
  • Page Count: 26
  • Language: Bosnian