Reverse Effect of Balkan Radical Islamist Engagement in the Armed Conflict in Syria Cover Image

Повратни ефекат ангажовања радикалних исламиста са простора Балкана у скобима у Сирији
Reverse Effect of Balkan Radical Islamist Engagement in the Armed Conflict in Syria

Author(s): Stevan Stevčić
Subject(s): Islam studies, International relations/trade, Studies in violence and power, Peace and Conflict Studies
Published by: Fakultet političkih nauka Univerziteta u Banjoj Luci
Keywords: radical Islam; Islamic terrorism; the process of radicalization; conflict in Syria; armed conflict; Balkans;

Summary/Abstract: There is an apparent tendency to increase activism among Balkan Muslims (mostly Sunni denomination within Islam) and their desire to participate in solving the problems of Muslims globally. As a result of this trend, the involvement of individuals from the ranks of radical Islamist groups in the armed conflict in Syria is not surprising. What characterizes these individuals is going through the complex process of radicalization at the individual level within which strong motivation is formed for taking part in such an extreme form of social conflict such as a civil war. Due to the strong indoctrination, they perceive the participation in this conflict as their duty to the whole community of believers, accepting even the possibility of their own death which they see as martyrdom. The connection of these individuals with the global Islamistic terrorist network may affect the Balkan countries’ security. After the end of the Syria conflict or earlier, a number of these individuals will be directed to other crisis areas, while some of them will return to their home countries. Additionally indoctrinated with acquired combat experience and military expertise, these people can play a key role in planning, preparation or commission of terrorist acts in the Balkans and Europe as a whole. Taking adequate and timely measures is a necessary condition for an effective opposition to this kind of religious based terrorism.

  • Issue Year: 3/2013
  • Issue No: 6
  • Page Range: 215-222
  • Page Count: 8
  • Language: Serbian