The Jacobites of Urbino in Light of British-Venetian Relations Cover Image

Јакобити у Урбину 1718. године у светлости британско–млетачких односа
The Jacobites of Urbino in Light of British-Venetian Relations

Author(s): Marija V. Kocić
Subject(s): Diplomatic history, Political history, International relations/trade, 18th Century
Published by: Institut za strategijska istraživanja
Keywords: Jacobites; Aleksandar Kaningam; Urbino; James Edward Stewart; British-Venetian relations; international relations; diplomatic relations;

Summary/Abstract: Great Britain did not have diplomatic representation in the Papal State, so all business conducted there and relevant news was reported to Whitehall by a Venetian resident. This was Alexander Cunningham, who began this duty in 1715, after the Jacobite rising in Scotland of James Francis Edward (the “Old Pretender,” the son of the deposed James II of England and Ireland, VII of Scotland). Cunningham’s attention during 1718 was focused on surveying the actions of James Edward and the position the Holy See took towards him. Judging by his correspondence, Cunningham he did not perform this task well. An aggravating circumstance was the complicated relations between various states due to the possession of Sicily (by the House of Savoy) and the Kingdom of Naples (by the Austrians), for his seriously challenged balance of power established in Utrecht and Rastatt. Various treaties gave Great Britain a role of guarantor of peace and neutrality in Italy. As a result, Great Britain became involved in events in this part of Europe, especially when Spain entertained the thought of bringing back Sicily under its reign. On the other hand, Cunningham was compelled to watch the position of Venetian authorities regarding the Jacobites, who started to immigrate into the Venetian state. The decision of James Edward to move to Spain, whose support he needed to take power back in Great Britain, relieved both British-Venetian and British-Papal relations of that burden.

  • Issue Year: 2015
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 9-22
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Serbian