Okun´s Law over the Business Cycle: Does it Change in the EU Countries after the Financial Crisis? Cover Image

Okun´s Law over the Business Cycle: Does it Change in the EU Countries after the Financial Crisis?
Okun´s Law over the Business Cycle: Does it Change in the EU Countries after the Financial Crisis?

Author(s): Marcel Novák, Lubomir Darmo
Subject(s): Social Sciences, Economy
Published by: Vysoká škola ekonomická v Praze
Keywords: business cycle; unemployment; Okun’s law

Summary/Abstract: The relationship between economic growth and unemployment is well known. The growth of gross domestic product leads to a fall in unemployment and, reversely, its fall is associated with a rise in unemployment. The paper deals with the estimation of Okun’s coefficient for EU28 countries between years 2001 and 2014. Additionally, two sub-periods are also analysed. These represent the pre-crisis period 2001–2007 and the post-crisis period 2008–2014. The result shows higher Okun’s coefficient in the post-crisis period. Unemployment in that period responded to changes in gross domestic product more sensitively than in the pre-crisis period. As a result, in order to decrease unemployment, lower economic growth was necessary in the post-crisis period compared to the pre-crisis one.

  • Issue Year: 28/2019
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 235-254
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: English