Questionnaires, Means of Pedagogical Phenomena's Verificacion, Fundaments of Psychological Construction Cover Image

Anketos, pedagoginių reiškinių verifikavimo priemonės, psichologiniai konstravimo pamatai
Questionnaires, Means of Pedagogical Phenomena's Verificacion, Fundaments of Psychological Construction

Author(s): Akvilė Virbalienė, Ona Tijūnėlienė
Subject(s): Education
Published by: Vytauto Didžiojo Universitetas Švietimo akademija

Summary/Abstract: Scientists of our country often use questionnaires in practice. Although many scientists such as K.Kardelis, G.Merkys, R.Tidikis and others admit that questionnaires have some major drawbacks, they are still used as a comfortable method to collect qualitative information, which also requires preparation to use it professionally and good knowledge of a problem that is being analyzed. In Lithuania methodologists of social researches have already discussed about a questionnaire as a means of questioning quite in detail. In the literature of methodological resources attention is partly paid to a psychological factor, which plays an important role in a questionnaire’s construction, as well as in organizing a questioning. Nevertheless, there are still no comprehensive recommendations. Therefore, the authors of the article have chosen a questionnaire for a research of juniors’ and adolescents’ educational problems as an object of the research. The research is aimed at revealing psychological factors as well as principals of a questionnaire’s preparation for the research of educational problems concerning children of that age. Methods used in the research – descriptive, systematic, abstract, synthesis. The questionnaire for the research of educational problems concerning juniority and adolescents is set according to general principals for questionnaires. Also, peculiarities of children’s psychological, social and intellectual maturity have been taken into consideration. Juniors’ mind is based on logical operations of particular logical thinking. It is difficult for them to solve hypothetic, abstract problems. Nevertheless, children are able to concentrate on a particular assignment better and better. Besides, attention control increases. Attention especially increases when it is emphasized “Pay attention”. Children start using abstract speech, which develops faster than new content expressed by speech forms. Personal qualities of a child reflect during games. Games develop abilities to integrate mind and actions. These things should be taken into consideration while preparing a questionnaire. Distinction of the questionnaire for the investigation of juniors’ problems include those things: introduction has to attract children’s attention; rules of filling in the form have to be formulated clearly; a questionnaire cannot be long; formulations of questions have to be simple; first two questions have to attract children’s attention especially; control questions are necessary; encouraging notes like “very important”, etc., are also possible; a lot of attention has to be paid to the attractiveness of a questionnaire – the size of letters and attractive print, unusual design...

  • Issue Year: 2006
  • Issue No: 82
  • Page Range: 91-100
  • Page Count: 10
  • Language: Lithuanian