The psychological conception of searching for sacrum in religiousness and spirituality Cover Image

Psychologiczna koncepcja poszukiwania sacrum w religijności i duchowości
The psychological conception of searching for sacrum in religiousness and spirituality

Author(s): Dariusz Krok
Subject(s): Psychology, Theology and Religion
Published by: Wydawnictwo Naukowe Uniwersytetu Papieskiego Jana Pawła II w Krakowie
Keywords: Religiousness; search for the sacred; spirituality;

Summary/Abstract: Nowadays, there is a growing interest in the area of psychology of religion as regards religiousness and spirituality. In the past both terms overlapped substantially which was clearly visible in great spiritual traditions of many religions. Recently, however, spirituality has emerged as a distinct construct. Although, religiousness and spirituality have common characteristics they are generally regarded as related but not identical constructs. Both religiousness and spirituality are embedded within the context of “a search for the sacred” which refers to sacrum. The main difference is that religiousness represents the personal or communal search for the sacred that happens within a traditional and institutionalized context, while spirituality is usually understood as a search for the sacred at the level of the individual. The process of “search” entails the attempt to discover significance. People are goal-directed beings who pursue whatever they hold significant in their lives. The search for sacrum lies in the heart of religiousness and spirituality and can be found at multiple level of analysis: psychological, social, physical, and material. There are four main factors that determine the search for sacrum: developmental stage, culture and upbringing, life events, and activity. Their levels specify one’s religiousness and spirituality.

  • Issue Year: 2012
  • Issue No: 44
  • Page Range: 39-53
  • Page Count: 15
  • Language: Polish