Social, Economical, Cultural and Religious Structure about in the Iraqid Seljukids Cover Image

Irak Selçukluları’nda Sosyal, Ekonomik, Kültürel ve Dini Yapı Hakkında
Social, Economical, Cultural and Religious Structure about in the Iraqid Seljukids

Author(s): Hüseyin Kayhan
Subject(s): Economic history, Ethnohistory, History of Islam
Published by: İzmir Kâtip Çelebi Üniversitesi, Sosyal ve Beşeri Bilimler Fakültesi
Keywords: Iraqid Seljukids; social structure; cultural structure; economical structure; religion;

Summary/Abstract: Despite the economic-political setbacks, Iraqi Seljukids contributed to the development of the Western Iran and Azerbaijan in all aspects in the 12th century. It thus left behind not only rich cities such as Hamadan, Isfahan, and Tabriz, a country like Azerbaijan, which, together with Anatolia, turned into a Turkish motherland, but also principalities and atabeg states. They gave importance to the development, prosperity, and enhancement of social, economic, religious, and cultural structure, happiness of the people, peace and security. With such characteristics, it became a model state entity in the following centuries. Modern Iranian historians such as Rāvendī commended about this phenomenon, eulogizing the beauty of the Seljukids era. The sultans of Iraqi Seljuks abolished forced labour (corve'e) and boosted trade in cities. With aim to improve agriculture they built irrigation canals in villages and mezra'as while the manufacturing process for consumer goods, commerce and price movements were subject to a strict supervision. In the cultural domain, they supported scholars as well as poets and built madrasahs and educational institutions. They provided equal and fair treatment to their subjects of various religious and ethnic backgrounds. They not only supported Muslim clergy by offering financial aid to their zawiyahs aid, but also hesitated to interfere in the religious, social, commercial and cultural activities of Christians and Jews.

  • Issue Year: IV/2018
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 1-14
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Turkish