Gender Differences of Primary School Senior Students in Relation to Peer Violence and Personality Traits Cover Image

Polne razlike u relacijama između vršnjačkog nasilja i osobina ličnosti kod učenika viših razreda osnovne škole
Gender Differences of Primary School Senior Students in Relation to Peer Violence and Personality Traits

Author(s): Milana Jovanov, Milan Oljača, Ilija Milovanović
Subject(s): Gender Studies, School education, Personality Psychology, Studies in violence and power
Published by: Филозофски факултет, Универзитет у Новом Саду
Keywords: peer violence; gender differences; personality traits; elementary school

Summary/Abstract: Peer violence (PV) is a global problem and Serbia, as a country in which almost every second child was exposed to PV, is no exception. The aim of the study, conducted on a sample of 322 students (m = 39.2%; f = 60.8%; aged 11 to 14) from Serbia, was to determine the differences in the relationships between personality traits and violent behavior among boys and girls. The tendency towards PV and exposure to PV was measured using the PRONA questionnaire, while personality traits were measured by the Big Five+Two - the questionnaire for children. The results indicate that boys are significantly more included in the PV, both as bullies and as victims. Also, there is a significant difference in the pattern of relations with the personality traits and PV regarding gender. Aggression and Negative Valence contribute positively to the prevalence of violent behavior, both among boys and girls; however, in the case of girls, Positive Valence additionally contributes to this dimension. Exposure to violence is positively related to Neuroticism among girls, while in the case of boys, there is a positive contribution by Negative Valence, and a negative contribution by Positive Valence. The findings of the research have practical significance for the organisation and implementation of the PV prevention and intervention programs. If the findings are replicated, the focus during preventive work with boys should be on strengthening the capacity to adequately evaluate one's own personality traits. In the work with girls, on the other hand, the primary focus should be on developing the ability to adaptively respond to negative emotions and violent interaction from the perspective of the victim.

  • Issue Year: 42/2017
  • Issue No: 2
  • Page Range: 323-338
  • Page Count: 16
  • Language: Serbian