Informational paradigms in neurosciences Cover Image

Paradigme informaţionale în neuroştiinţe
Informational paradigms in neurosciences

Author(s): Alina GAVRILUŢ, Gabriel CRUMPEI, Maricel Agop
Subject(s): Philosophy, Social Sciences, Psychology, Essay|Book Review |Scientific Life, General Reference Works, Philosophical Traditions, Epistemology, Logic, Special Branches of Philosophy, Structuralism and Post-Structuralism, Philosophy of Mind, Philosophy of Science, History of Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Neuropsychology, Scientific Life, Source Material
Published by: Editura Academiei Române
Keywords: information; semantic logic; axiomatic systems; topology;

Summary/Abstract: We argue the ontological character of information, along with energy and substance, as well as the structural-phenomenological unity at all scales and levels of reality. We use an interdisciplinary, inductive-deductive methodology, within the broad framework of the naturalistic conception. We start from the current reality, which is the impact of information technology, information networks, virtual reality and artificial intelligence, insisting on the role of information in the gnosiological approach. The preponderance of the logical reductionist positivism in the scientific research and the exaggerated focus on the particle and high energy-physics, made possible that the problem of information be almost completely eluded. Even Shannon and Weaver’s information theory considers information only from a quantitative viewpoint, and only through its relation to entropy and the second law of Thermodynamics. The development in the nonlinear dynamics field of chaos theory, fractal geometry and topology, and especially the spectacular development of information technology in the last two decades, needs a systematic analysis, including the defining of information and its importance in the structuring of reality along with energy and substance. From this perspective, all our concepts, starting from physical reality to psychological imaginary reality, can be coherently understood through the same paradigms, irrespective of whether we are talking about the conservation law, the Euclidean dimension, fractal or topological dimension or the multidimensional processing mechanism through syntactic, semantic, pragmatic and hermeneutic processing of the human and artificial language and knowledge in general. This informational paradigm assumes the existence of a functional, phenomenological, potential background represented by information and which can be mathematically modeled through topology. The semantic emergent logic (semantic emergent topology when applied to the reality structuring) can help to elucidate the old mind-brain dualism, with solving other paradoxes, particularly the theory of emergence.

  • Issue Year: XVI/2017
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 81-100
  • Page Count: 20
  • Language: Romanian