Persuasive Genres in Social Communication Cover Image

Gatunki perswazyjne w komunikacji społecznej
Persuasive Genres in Social Communication

Author(s): Iwona Loewe
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies
Published by: Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL & Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II
Keywords: social communication; persuasion; genre; stylistics; genology (textology)

Summary/Abstract: The objective of this paper is to present a typology of genres with the persuasive communicative function. The author adopts a stylistic and a textological (genological) perspective. Social communication is defined as a kind of contact between mostly institutional message senders with mass audiences, so easily targetable through the channels of modern media. The text proposes a classification of the particular objects of analysis based on the persuasive function they perform. The persuasive function is defined as a deliberate targeting of a text at the presupposed addressee with purposeful emphasis on the role of the addressee in the reality depicted in the message. The persuasive function also assumes that the text is to influence the addressees’ emotions, their will and rational actions. This, however, is not achieved through a direct appeal to the addressees, but indirectly, by means of argumentation, evaluation, suggestion and interpretation. This perspective allows the author to construe an area in which the particular genres are placed. The typology assumes that certain texts are prototypically maximally persuasive, while in others this function is more peripheral. In this way the author arrives at the following classification of persuasive text genres: advertisements/commercials, slogans, public relation texts, court speeches, parliamentary speeches, exposès, appeals, promotion/ persuasive speech, preaching, homilies, commentaries, reviews, columns, interviews, reports, profiles, debates, announcements, trailers, leads, editorials, editors’ prefices, lectures, speeches, conversations, laudations, arguments, reprimands, boasts, motivation letters, recommendations, reference letters, (job/qualification) interviews.

  • Issue Year: 60/2012
  • Issue No: 06
  • Page Range: 169-179
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: Polish