Designations for a person who is often drunk in Czech dialects Cover Image

Jména pro opilého člověka v českých nářečích
Designations for a person who is often drunk in Czech dialects

Author(s): Zuzana Hlubinková
Subject(s): Western Slavic Languages, Philology
Published by: Univerzita Karlova v Praze, Filozofická fakulta, Vydavatelství
Keywords: Czech dialects; Slovak dialects; lexicon; dialectal dictionary; personal names; word formation;

Summary/Abstract: In contrast to standard language vocabulary, dialectal vocabulary is more developed in semantic fields concerning everyday life. The need to designate certain facts has led to the development of certain groups of designations. This is true, for example, in the case of designations of persons. As an example, we have selected designations for a person who is often drunk. Besides numerous designations recorded in the standard language (e.g. opilec, ožrala, ochlasta), we have found a number of dialectal expressive names (e.g. opita, kořalda, dopilkuba, korhel). We note the geographic extension of the most common expressions in Czech dialects, as well as using the Atlas of the Slovak Language to describe the linguistic situation in neighboring Slovakia. We work with unpublished material collected for the Czech Language Atlas in the 1960s and 1970s in the course of the field research on the Czech national language. This material will be gradually processed in the upcoming Dictionary of Czech Dialects.

  • Issue Year: 2018
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 34-38
  • Page Count: 5
  • Language: Czech