Abstract: What? Why? How? Cover Image

Abstrakt: Čo? Prečo? Ako?
Abstract: What? Why? How?

Author(s): Diana Krajňáková
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Theoretical Linguistics, Pragmatics
Published by: Lingvokulturologické a prekladateľsko-tlmočnícke centrum excelentnosti pri Filozofickej fakulte Prešovskej university v Prešove (LPTCE)
Keywords: academic discourse;academic genre;abstract;typology of abstract;structure of abstract;thesis abstract

Summary/Abstract: Although the abstract as an academic genre originated in the context of the Anglo-Americanwriting tradition, it has progressively penetrated all academic settings and nowadays is aninherent part of the majority of academic publications. While the official documents reifyingthe standard of academic writing in the setting of Slovak universities provide clearinstructions for writing this particular genre, the Slovak academic community seems to stillunderestimate its significance and usually considers its writing an inescapable evil. Thereforeon the basis of a theoretical-empirical methodological approach, the present article aims tooutline a complex picture of the abstract, including its history, genre analysis, structuraltypology and linguistic features, and further focuses on the most frequent text type of abstract.At this point, the paper describes the individual steps when writing a linear and informativeabstract by way of demonstrating the use of five rhetorical moves, hence motivation, problemstatement, methodology, results and conclusion, and the linguistic preference for the thirdperson singular in connection with active verbs. The comprehensive writing guideline offers ahelping hand not only for students finishing their final theses, but also for other members ofacademia who may make use of these instructions when submitting the linear and informativetype of abstract.

  • Issue Year: 6/2015
  • Issue No: 23-24
  • Page Range: 272-278
  • Page Count: 7
  • Language: Slovak, English