Reflection of Internal Migration in Turkey on Art: An Intermedial Look at the Movie Gurbet Kuşları Cover Image
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Türkiye’de İç Göçün Sanattaki İzdüşümleri: Gurbet Kuşları Filmine Medyalararası Bir Bakış
Reflection of Internal Migration in Turkey on Art: An Intermedial Look at the Movie Gurbet Kuşları

Author(s): Hande Altar
Subject(s): Turkish Literature, Film / Cinema / Cinematography, Migration Studies
Published by: Transnational Press London
Keywords: Internal migration; urbanization; urbanizing; realism; intermediality;

Summary/Abstract: As a result of the rapidly increasing internal migration, Turkey faced a series of new problems in 50’s and 60’s. In this period, the realist writers and the directors thinking on the problems internal migration caused wrote literary works and directed films which tackled the problem as a social issue. Halit Refiğ’s 1964 film Gurbet Kuşları is an example of such films. As an adaptation of Turgut Özakman’s 1961 play Ocak and named after Orhan Kemal’s 1962 novel Gurbet Kuşları which is about internal migration, the film has intermedial relations within. As a consequence of the intermedial exchanges in the film, the story of a family dissolved by losing the spirit of solidarity under the harsh economic conditions in the city in Özakman’s play is transformed into a tragedy of an immigrant family dissolved by losing the spirit of solidarity under the harsh economic conditions and by experiencing the clash of values in the city, and this transformation consists of traces from Orhan Kemal’s novel Gurbet Kuşları.

  • Issue Year: 5/2018
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 63-76
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Turkish