Quelques données concernant le décor de certaines boucles d’oreille de tradition byzantine découvertes dans la Péninsule Balkanique Cover Image
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Câteva date privind decorul unor cercei de tradiţie bizantină descoperiţi în Peninsula Balcanică
Quelques données concernant le décor de certaines boucles d’oreille de tradition byzantine découvertes dans la Péninsule Balkanique

Author(s): Silviu Oţa
Subject(s): History
Published by: Editura Istros - Muzeul Brailei
Keywords: grave; treasure; filigree; granulation; earring.

Summary/Abstract: I intend to discuss, in the following pages, the presence of some ornaments on the biconical pendants of earrings of Byzantine tradition (Pl. 1). The ornaments of the pendants are made in the granulation (granules at intervals, both at the end of the cones, and on the base) and filigree (silver filigree wires are pasted between the granules) techniques. The ornaments are heart-shaped (A), or vegetal ones. The paper contains also a catalogue of the finds from the Balkan Peninsula, organized on types of discoveries (cemeteries, treasures, collections of items in museums, unknown types of discoveries) from different countries (Romania, Serbia, Macedonia, Bulgaria and Hungary). First, I proposed a typology of the earrings, then, based on the characteristics, I studied the types of rings, the central pendant, the lateral ones and all the ornaments. In the present stage of research, one can distinguish on the conical surface two types of decoration, both made in granulation and filigree techniques. The ornament A (heart-shaped) characterizes the biconical earrings, and those of Couman-type (Pl. 6). The ornament B (vegetal) was observed on biconical and Tokaj-type earrings. Apart from the item of Couman-type found in Voineşti, all the other earrings have variants of additional ornaments or not, marking thus the difference between subtypes. The area of the ornament A is limited only to the north-danubian zone (Pl. 2/1-7; Pl. 5). Here are distinguished two areas, different in terms of typology of the earrings and of chronology. The first of them is in the southeastern part of Banat where one has discovered items used by the end of the 11th century, and in the following one, too. In the second area, the centre of eastern Moldavia was found an earring dated at the end of the 13th century (Pl. 3/5). The ornamental motif B (Pl. 5) concentrates, in the present stage of research, in the Middle Danube basin, too. Chronologically, this type of ornament begins in the second half of the 11th century, for the earrings with biconical pendant, and was used up until the end of the 13th century. The last items were found in eastern Bulgaria, at Varna. For the Tokaj-type earrings, the ornament appears for the first time on adornments discovered in Cuptoare-Sfogea, followed, most probably, by the items with the ring made of a simple bar, present in the collections of Banat-Museum from Timişoara. The items from Vinča, Vršac, National Museum in Belgrade and Budapest (for the last two, the places of discovery are unknown) can be dated at the end of the 13th century. The earrings from Zaječar are associated with coins, and date back to the beginning of the 14th century. The two earrings from Skopje are similar with the previously mentioned earrings; consequently, I suppose the same chronology. The lateral pendants of the last two pairs of earrings are similar to those on the earrings from the collections of the Museum in Timişoara. The association of the lateral p

  • Issue Year: 15/2009
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 179-211
  • Page Count: 33
  • Language: Romanian