A View to the Activities of England in Ottoman Basra in the 19th Century Cover Image

19. Yüzyılda İngiltere’nin Basra Bölgesindeki Faaliyetleri
A View to the Activities of England in Ottoman Basra in the 19th Century

Author(s): Şennur Şenel
Subject(s): Geography, Regional studies, Diplomatic history, 19th Century, The Ottoman Empire
Published by: Gazi Akademik Bakış
Keywords: Basra; XIXth century; England-Ottoman relations; international race on Ottoman area;

Summary/Abstract: Basra territory is under the rule of the Ottoman Empire for a long time. Because of geo-strategic value of Basra territory, each period it witnesses important events. In the 19th century, Ottoman military and political powers start to decline, developments in the Ottoman Middle East concern to especially Britain, Russia, Germany and Persia. Due to British colonies in India, Basra territory is crucial for British Empire. In the first three quarter of 19th century, Britain protects Ottoman territorial integrity against Russia and Germany for own economic benefit and strategies about India colonies. However, after the Treaty of Berlin in 1878, Britain gives up this policy due to changed situations and balanced elements. Anglo-Ottoman relations are subject to many researches and works. In this study, Anglo-Ottoman relations specific to Basra territory and subject briefly evaluated with different perspective. In the light of the Ottoman archival documents, British activities of two periods, British protective policy period and give up this policy period, will be described. In the 19th century Anglo-Ottoman relations are increased. These relations include economic, commercial, political and diplomatic dimensions. In this study, firstly, Basra territory’s situation in the pre-19th century briefly overviewed then British activities for penetration in Basra territory in the 19th century examined in detail.

  • Issue Year: 09/2016
  • Issue No: 18
  • Page Range: 187-207
  • Page Count: 21
  • Language: Turkish