The Latin ethnonyms of the Slovaks in medieval and modern times: Sclavi, Pannoni, Slavi Cover Image
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Latinské etnonymá Slovákov v stredoveku a novoveku: Sclavi, Pannoni, Slavi
The Latin ethnonyms of the Slovaks in medieval and modern times: Sclavi, Pannoni, Slavi

Author(s): Ferdinand Uličný
Subject(s): Language and Literature Studies, Ethnohistory, Middle Ages, Modern Age
Published by: Historický ústav SAV
Keywords: Slovakia; Slovaks; History; Latin ethnonyms Sclavi; Pannoni; Slavi;

Summary/Abstract: The author concerned himself with identifying, describing and explaining the exceptional phenomenon of the gradual introduction and changes of the Latin . ethnonyms for the Slovaks in the Middle Ages, when they were named “Sclavi”, and especially in modern times when they appropriated the invented ethnonym “Pannoni”, and finally also “Slavi”. By giving up the ethnonym “Sclavi”, they wanted to escape from the interpretation “sclavus = slave, prisoner” familiar in the non-Slovak environment of the Hungarians and Germans. These ethnonyms are found in Latin texts of domestic Slovak and Hungarian or foreign Czech, Austrian and Polish origin. They took over the ethnonym “Sclavi” from the surrounding European environment, but the ethnonyms “Pannoni” and “Slavi” were their own linguistic initiative and product. It was only in the first half of the 19th century, when educated Slovaks gave up using Latin as the written, official language, that they abandoned the invented ethnonym “Slavi”. The ethnonym “Slováci” was normally used in texts written in Slovak from the 15th century.

  • Issue Year: 64/2016
  • Issue No: 3
  • Page Range: 497-509
  • Page Count: 13
  • Language: Slovak