Helping Students to Achieve Greater Efficiency in Learning: The Case of Additional Instructions and Consultations in Physics for Chemistry Freshmen Cover Image

Kako pomoći studentima da postignu veću efikasnost učenja: slučaj dopunske nastave i konsultacija iz fizike za studente kemije
Helping Students to Achieve Greater Efficiency in Learning: The Case of Additional Instructions and Consultations in Physics for Chemistry Freshmen

Author(s): Zalkida Hadžibegović
Subject(s): Education
Published by: Univerzitet u Sarajevu
Keywords: additional instructions; consultations; helping students; physics education research; university teaching physics

Summary/Abstract: General Physics is a required subject in the curricula of several departments at the University of Sarajevo. Physics instructions are conducted in three parts through lectures, laboratory and problem solving exercises. It is difficult for first year students to achieve good results in learning and passing exams in Physics. Chemistry freshmen results show poor success in physics education in general at the Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, especially in the first and second examination period. Students in the pre-Bologna model of study in 50% of cases had an average of five attempts before a positive outcome of taking the exam. According to the Bologna model of study, in the past five years, maximum 45% of students from one generation achieved the success of exams in physics, usually after the third exam turn. In addition to poor passing, little integration of achieved knowledge in physics is observed. This is particularly evident in the mutual integration of knowledge in general chemistry and physics, which are considered to be fundamental in the chosen study. This paper presents the results of physics education research that was conducted with chemistry freshmen during the winter semester in 2010/2011 academic year, at the Faculty of Natural Science and Mathematics in Sarajevo. The study involved a group of 135 students, in order to find possible solutions that would lead to greater efficiency of learning, and solutions, such as to assist students to achieve positive learning outcomes, with fewer attempts in passing the exam. Design scenarios to help students, not just to pass the exams but also to gain useful knowledge in physics, based on existing institutional arrangements, and aimed to be fully implemented. The implementation of two such solutions led to the effective assistance for mentioned generation. Additional classes are one solution, which has led to much better results with good dispersion of grades, and it is based in the Law on Higher Education, which is used in the Canton of Sarajevo. Intensive use of individual and group consultations, as an obligatory form of faculty with students was applied as another solution. After such kind of help to students implemented in such way brought to 51% successful exams in physics classes, after the first repeated exam turn, which in the last decade has never happened.

  • Issue Year: 2011
  • Issue No: 05
  • Page Range: 257-270
  • Page Count: 14
  • Language: Bosnian