Kulturowa transmisja stereotypu płci. Co sprawia, że mężczyźni studiują na kierunkach ścisłych lub technicznych, a kobiety na kierunkach humanistycznych lub społecznych?
Author(s): Sławomir Trusz
Cultural Transmision of Gender Stereotype. Why do Men Choose to Study Technology and Science, Whereas Women Opt for Humanities and Social Sciences?
Subject(s): Gender Studies, Education, Higher Education , Evaluation research, Sociology of Culture, Sociology of Education
Published by: Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego
Keywords: gender stereotype; interpersonal expectancy effects; educational achievement of women and men;
Summary/Abstract: The article presents the model of „cultural transmission of gender stereotype” by which the huge disparity of women toward men studying humanities and social sciences as well as men toward women studying technology and sciences could be explained. The model was tested using the data collected from 1373 students (681 women) of the first year of technology or science (n = 637) and humanities or social sciences (n = 700). Selection of a field of studies was explained by using the logit function to combine dependent variable with the following predictors: (1) the impact of parents; (2) the impact of teachers; (3) an egalitarian vs. sexist attitude of respondents; (4) parents’ expectations; (5) teachers’ expectations; (6) students’ expectations about themselves; (7) amount of time dedicated to learning math; (8) amount of time dedicated to learning native language; (9) results of the high school final exam in math (and entrance exam to college at the same time) and (10) results of the high school final exam in native language (and entrance exam to college at the same time), separately for the group of women and men. The obtained results are discussed in the light of stereotyping and stigmatization theories, and interpersonal expectation effects which occur in various social and demographic groups.
- Issue Year: 2015
- Issue No: 3
- Page Range: 265-302
- Page Count: 38
- Language: Polish