Opportunities and mistakes of adulthood: the "prepared adulthood" and gateway crisis Cover Image

A felnőtté válás lehetőségei és útvesztői: a "készülődő felnőttség" és kapunyitási krízis
Opportunities and mistakes of adulthood: the "prepared adulthood" and gateway crisis

Author(s): Szende Elekes
Subject(s): Developmental Psychology
Published by: Institutul Teologic Romano-Catolic Alba Iulia
Keywords: Erikson; identity achievement; Arnett; emerging adulthood; transition to adulthood; crisis

Summary/Abstract: Contrary to Erikson’s developmental theory, nowadays it is a common phenomenon that identity achievement goes well beyond adolescence, extending even until the end of the twenties. Jeffrey Arnett suggested that in industralized socities a new life stage has occured between the ages 18 and 25, calling it emerging adulthood. Th is period that is neither adolescence, nor young adulthood, poses no normative expectations and obligatory adult roles on the youngster. It is a prolonged moratorium, that allows the person to explore several adult roles, without being obliged to commit themselves in a certain job or relationship. Although emerging adulthood is an „age of possibilities” for many, transition to adulthood may mean a crisis for many young people in their twenties, especially the transition from school to work. Th e unpredictability of the too many choices, the constant change can place a huge burden on today’s youth, and it results in anxiety, depression and hopelessness. This is in fact an identity crisis, where life goals, values and the whole person are questioned. The person in crisis needs social support or even professional help to conquer the crisis, set up new goals and take decisions.

  • Issue Year: 20/2017
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 53-63
  • Page Count: 11
  • Language: Hungarian