Cultural Analysis of Contemporary State and Perspectives of Gifted Person in the Context of Artistic Culture of Ukraine Cover Image

Культурологічний аналіз сучасного стану та перспектив розвитку обдарованої особистості у контексті художньої культури України
Cultural Analysis of Contemporary State and Perspectives of Gifted Person in the Context of Artistic Culture of Ukraine

Author(s): Oksana Mykolayivna Gavelya
Subject(s): Fine Arts / Performing Arts, Ethics / Practical Philosophy, Aesthetics, Sociology of Culture
Published by: Національна академія керівних кадрів культури і мистецтв
Keywords: gifted person; cultural values; art culture; function of art;

Summary/Abstract: Based on results of sociologic polling of civil servants, managers and specialists of government, regional administrations, institutions and organizations in culture extracurricular educational institutions, members of creative unions of Ukraine, managers and academics Culture and Art (experts), the author of the article was made cultural analysis and interaction of possibilities gifted person with the artistic culture in the past, present and future. As the basic approach to the study of the role and place of culture in the lives of gifted person was selected objective-acseologocal (value). Thus research attention has focused on outputs, results artistic activities that embodied in the achievements of culture and their possible internalization. 2100 interviewed experts identified the extent or another function of art is realized in artistic and creative activities in different regions of Ukraine (the highest, average and minimum). They also pointed out that the sphere of culture and related industries differ most acute problems requiring priority attention and specialized approach to the development of abilities and skills of gifted individuals. Attention of experts focused on identifying existing problems in the arts: in the past (20 years ago), present and future (20 years). According to experts, cognitive and developing function of art 20 years ago in Ukraine implemented at sufficiently high level to the maximum (57,2 %) and average (17,09 %). However, respondents indicate that while the artists were quite difficult to obtain an objective assessment of the results of their own work, due to the secondary and the lack of independence of contemporary criticism. With development of democracy in Ukraine, significantly increased ideological orientations personality, formed a critical artistic thought. However, the results of interviews with experts suggest that cognitive and developmental function of art today are implemented mainly at middle level, indicated that 72,85 %. Only 26,2 % of respondents indicated that these functions are possible. 60 % of the experts expressed the hope that in the future (20 years) is the function of art as knowledge of surrounding reality and himself, the expansion of human vision will be realized at the maximum level. According to 76,19 % of the respondents who have personal experience of artistic and creative and management activities in the field of art and culture, the moral function of art 20 years ago in Ukraine was implemented at the highest level. In their view, the art of this period remained very ideologized. Criteria morality often revealed from the standpoint of Marxist-Leninist philosophy. Despite the fact that in contemporary society, considerable attention was paid to the overall development and education of the individual, there was a need to combine formal ethics with real human morality. Today, as the 74,29 % of the respondents, the moral function of art is realized average. 22,85 % of the experts pointed to the special urgency of the problem, which is associated with a fall in the general level of morality Ukrainian society, which, unfortunately, has not yet created the necessary mechanisms for conflict of globalization. Modern art filled with low-grade samples of artistic production that can meet only tastes undemanding "mass" audience. 40,14 % of the experts hoped that in the future Ukrainian (20 years later) will provide morality of contemporary art at the secondary level. 22,9 % – believe that future artists will overcome most of the existing problems in this area, and achieve the highest level of performance of this function. Other experts, representing 36,95 % of the respondents provide further exacerbation of existing problems and the sharp decline in morality art of the future. Based on the results of the study it can be concluded about the need for more effective cultural policy in Ukraine, aimed at intellectualization process of internalization of cultural values and enrichment of moral and spiritual potential of gifted person in the process of artistic and creative development.

  • Issue Year: 2013
  • Issue No: 1
  • Page Range: 72-77
  • Page Count: 6
  • Language: Ukrainian