The Introduction of Practical Activities Into Elementary Schools (1958-1965) Cover Image

A gyakorlati foglalkozás bevezetése az általános iskolában (1958–1965)
The Introduction of Practical Activities Into Elementary Schools (1958-1965)

Author(s): Lajos Somogyvári
Subject(s): Education, Recent History (1900 till today), History of Education, State/Government and Education, Post-War period (1950 - 1989)
Published by: Akadémiai Kiadó
Keywords: history of education; polytechnic education; work education; practical activities; school reform;

Summary/Abstract: This study aims to analyse work education as a characteristic symptom of socialist pedagogy, especially via the introduction of a new subject: “Practical activities”. The so-called school-reform was initiated by the Soviet Union; Khrushchev came up with the official slogan for the change: “A closer tie between education and life”. Preparation for practical life was an important claim made for this, while other reasons for education based work came from the labour market and ideological voluntarism. The political discourse formed by the leaders of the Party was “translated” by the education sciences into the language of pedagogy. The first half of the study reviews the decision-making mechanisms and some data relating to implementation; the second part points to the clash between intentions and arising problems – though further study will be needed to analyse the whole of the process.

  • Issue Year: 24/2015
  • Issue No: 4
  • Page Range: 79-90
  • Page Count: 12
  • Language: Hungarian